Generally, temperatures across Europe have been favorable for winter crop growth and spring sowings. Conditions in Poland and Ukraine have raised concerns about crop conditions where crops received less than adequate rainfall following already unfavorable winder conditions.
Areas of Northern Poland and Eastern Ukraine have seen a rain deficit according to the European Commission’s latest crop monitoring service report from MARS. From March 20th until April 30th, little to no rainfall was registered in North Eastern Germany, norther Poland and eastern Ukraine where crops were already hurt by a dry winter and frost damage. These regions have received significantly below average rainfall.
The condition of Poland’s winter crops still remains unclear. Although March has been generally favorable, recovery of winter crops impacted by frost over the winter months remains uncertain. Temperatures have been favorable since March, but a cold spell in January caused substantial frost kill. Thus, the areas affected will be partly converted into spring/summer crops. This will decrease the winter wheat yield and consequently increase spring/summer crops.
Ukraine has seen higher than average temperatures, however, winter crops present little regrowth after facing the same dry conditions during the sowing period and frost kill throughout January in key productive regions. Spring/Summer crops are seeing ideal sowing conditions, so winter wheat crops may still be re-sown.
Russia spring sowing has benefited from above average temperatures from March to late April, according to MARS. Precipitation in early April which tapered off quickly provided good progress of spring sowing in the southern half of Russia. The weather conditions assisted in the recovery of the winter wheat that suffered water shortages during emergence last fall.