Ukraine’s winter wheat crop is the largest since 1990. It is on course to reach 27.6 million tonnes, according to a report from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS). Although, corn production is forecast to decrease to 22.7 million tonnes, over 20% below the previous market year, and barley production is expected to decrease to around 9 million tonnes, just 5% below the previous market year. Rye production is expected to fall to 365,000 tonnes, a 23% decrease against the previous market year. Winter crops being planted for market year 2016-17 could be at risk due to unfavorable weather conditions and delayed planting.
Ukraine’s corn harvest is ongoing , and, according to data by Ukraine’s Ministry of Agricultural Policy and Food (MAPF) as of Oct. 20, Ukraine harvested approximately 13.5 million tonnes of corn from an estimated 63% of production area totaling 4.1 million hectares. Harvested corn area is 9% lower compared to the 2014 harvested area, and average yield is 2.7% lower. Low crop productivity could be attributed to unfavorable late-summer and early-autumn drought conditions. Based on decreased corn production areas and lower yields, the FAS has reduced its forecast for Ukraine’s 2015 corn crop down to 22.8 million tonnes, which is 20% below the 2014 production volume.
Low moisture content in the soil due to scanty rains during the last few months caused farmers to fall behind prime planting schedules. This has resulted in lower acreage planted under winter crops compared to the same date in 2014.
The rest of the country remains affected by a continuous drought that has lasted up to 1.5-2.5 months in various regions.